Search Results for 'behaviorism'


Resource: Crete 2010 Congress on Behavioral Studies
Ninth Congress on Behavioral Studies. The Congress was founded in 1992 by Emilio Ribes-Inesta and Peter Harzem as the International Congress on Behaviorism and the Sciences of Behavior. The Congress has been held in alternate years, in many different cou…
Resource: The Long Good-Bye: Why B. F. Skinner’s Verbal Behav…
The year 2007 marked the 50th anniversary of the publication of B. F. Skinner's Verbal Behavior, a book that by Skinner's own account was his most important. The received view, however, is that a devastating review by a young linguist not only rendered Sk…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 43, 1-37 (2015). ANTIDUALISM…
ABSTRACT: Radical behaviorism (RB) is antidualistic and antimentalistic. Antidualism is the rejection of ontological dualism, the partition of reality into physical and nonphysical. Antimentalism is the rejection of the ontological theses that mind is ca…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 41, 1-10 (2013). WE ARE ALL …
ABSTRACT: Methodological and radical behaviorisms have been contrasted not only with respect to their consideration, or lack thereof, of private psychological events, but also with respect to their criteria for scientificity. Skinner (1945), in particula…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 41, 11-32 (2013). NON-HUMEAN…
ABSTRACT: Behavior analysis exemplifies a highly peculiar type of explanation in which behavior is said to arise from past interactions with the environment rather than from internal mental states. Radical behaviorism has been advanced as a philosophy of …
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 41, 33-59 (2013). FILLING TH…
ABSTRACT: It is often said, especially in philosophy and the neuroscience literature, that Skinner defended an anti-physiological position on the explanation of behavior. Aside from this, behavior analysts who discuss the relation between behavior analysi…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 41, 70-75 (2013). WHY I AM N…
ABSTRACT: Watson set the initial parameters for a science of behavior. The experimental analysis of behavior as developed by Skinner still has much work to do before claiming to be the science of behavior. The cultural environment has been shaping the be…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 39/40, 1-16 (2011). A BEHAVI…
ABSTRACT: In Feelings: The Perception of Self, Laird deftly synthesizes decades of research supporting the self-perception theory of emotion and feeling, providing an account of these phenomenon that is compatible with radical behaviorism. Beginning with …
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 39/40, 93-102 (2011/2012). M…
ABSTRACT: Rakover has thought about the nature of explanation for a long time and he has written some insightful pieces on the possibility of incorporating mentalistic language into serious explanations of our activities. Here he takes an extreme tack and…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 39/40, 103-105 (2011/2012). …
ABSTRACT: In contrast to Rakover's approach, I argue that intentional and extensional accounts of behavior are incommensurable, that the former are necessary only when the capacity of the latter to explain behavior cannot be empirically sustained, and tha…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy. 39/40. 145-202 (2011/2012). …
ABSTRACT: Methodological behaviorism is a stance on verbal processes and the meaning of "psychological" terms and concepts that are deployed in theories and explanations of behavior. According to this stance, all such terms and concepts should be based on…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 39/40, 309-313 (2011/2012). …
ABSTRACT: The extent to which a virtual "CyberRat" is a valid stand-in for a live, behaving rat is addressed in terms of various versions of a Turing test. The CyberRat program, for the most part, is a valid substitute for a living, behaving subject as a …
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 38, 49-59 (2010). IS JUSTIFI…
Edmund Gettier (1963) argued against defining knowledge as justified true belief. Using two examples, he demonstrated that (a) believing a proposition to be true, (b) having justification for that belief, and (c) the proposition in fact being true, do not…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 38, 113-115 (2010). PREFACE …
The European Journal of Behavior Analysis and Behavior and Philosophy are pleased to jointly recognize the contributions of Dr. Murray Sidman to the discipline of behavior analysis. From 1976 to 1981, the journal then titled Behaviorism, now Behavior and…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 38, 117-119 (2010). REMARKS.…
In order to stimulate informal discussion of behaviorism among the readership, we have invited Murray Sidman to let us have his comments on the current scene as a regular feature of this journal. He has accepted. The following remarks constitute the body …
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 38, 141-144 (2010). REMARKS …
In Tactics of Scientific Research (Sidman, 1960/1988) I expressed my opinion that most philosophers of science know little or nothing about how scientific research is actually carried out. It appeared to me that the philosophy and the tactics of science h…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 37, 1-2 (2009). INTRODUCTIO…
This special section gathers five target papers on the issue of covert behavior and private events in radical behaviorism, plus one commentary of the papers.
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 37, 39-57 (2009). OVERCOMIN…
Radical behaviorism is distinguished from other varieties of behaviorism in part by its willingness to include private events among its subjects of analysis. This paper reviews the public-private dichotomy as described by Skinner, and concludes that this …
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 37, 59-85 (2009). AGAINST PA…
This paper is a rejection of parsimonious behaviorism (PB). PB was proposed by Stemmer (2003) to avoid certain problems with radical behaviorism's (RB) appeal to covert behavior to account for mental phenomena. According to Stemmer, covert behavior was no…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 37, 87-104 (2009). INTENTIO…
Discrepancies between animal and human responding on standard schedules of reinforcement have been explained by reference to the human capacity for language and consequent formulation of self-instructions. As a result, schedule responding has been causall…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 37, 217-222 (2009). ASCRIBI…
Much of the commentary on my paper "Intentional behaviorism" (Foxall, 2007) fails to make contact with my central arguments about the use of intentional language in the explanation of behavior. Marr's (2008) remarks on my responses to that commentary (Fox…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 36, 113-155 (2008). INTENTIO…
The central fact in the delineation of radical behaviorism is its conceptual avoidance of propositional content. This eschewal of the intentional stance sets it apart not only from cognitivism but from other neo-behaviorisms. Indeed, the defining charac…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 35, 1-55, (2007). INTENTIONA…
This paper proposes an overarching philosophical framework for the analysis and interpretation of behavior that incorporates both radical behaviorism and intentional psychology in a model, "intentional behaviorism"' that additionally links the explanati…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 35, 57-60, (2007).COMMENTARY…
Foxall's incorrect claims about behavior analysis (2007) arise from a failure to understand the stance of behavior analysis. Behavior analysis is the science of behavior; it is about behavior and not about organisms. It views behavioral events as natura…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 35, 65-76 (2007). ABOUT ABOU…
The rationale, scientific necessity, and character of intentionality ascriptions (assertions that attribute beliefs, expectations, wishes and such to certain systems) remain unresolved issues in the philosophy of mind and psychology. Foxall's proposed r…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 35, 77-92 (2007). GORDON FOX…
"Intentional behaviorism" is Gordon Foxall's name for his proposal to mix the oil of mentalist language with the water of empiricist behaviorism. The trouble is, oil and water don't mix. To remain scientific, the language of behavioral science must rema…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 35, 93-100 (2007). FUZZY LOG…
Foxall introduces mental constructs into his modified behaviorism. His goals are praiseworthy, as a reconciliation of public behavior with private dialog-one that improves on contemporary extensions of behaviorism-must be achieved if our epistemology is…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 35, 101-111, (2007). INTENTI…
This commentary discusses critically the proposal of Foxall's intentional behaviorism that, when the use of intentional categories can be justifiably portrayed as heuristic overlay to theories incorporating radical behaviorist principles, intentionality…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 35, 113-130, (2007). COMMENT…
Professor Foxall suggests the radical behaviorist language of contingencies is fine as far as it goes, and is quite suitable for matters of prediction and control. However, he argues that radical behaviorist language is extensional, and that it is neces…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 35, 131-138 (2007). A BEHAVI…
According to Foxall (2007), simple acts may best be explained in terms of behavior of the organism as a whole, but complex behavioral patterns, usually described by mental terms, can only be explained by neurocognitive psychology, in which the mind is …
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 35, 139-148 (2007). BEHAVIOR…
Foxall's intentional behaviorism is supposed to provide explanation and understanding where radical behaviorism provides only prediction and control. Foxall does identify empirical and conceptual issues with the operant reinforcement framework, but he …
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 33, 41-54 (2005). WHAT MULLE…
Johannes Muller's law of specific nerve energies (LOSNE) states that the mind has access not to objects in the world but only to our nerves. This law implies that the contents of the mind have no qualities in common with environmental objects but serve …
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 32, 5-12 (2004). BEHAVIORISM…
The evolution of behaviorism from its explicit beginning with John B. Watson's declaration in 1913 to the behaviorisms of the present is considered briefly. Contributions of behaviorism to scientific psychology then and now are critically assessed, arr…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 32, 37-54 (2004). LOGICAL PO…
According to the standard account, logical positivism was the philosophical foundation of psychological neo-behaviorism. Smith (1986) has questioned this interpretation, suggesting that neo-behaviorism drew its philosophical inspiration from a differen…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 32, 69-95 (2004). REALISM AB…
Behavior analysis emphasizes the study of overt animal (human and nonhuman) behavior as a subject matter in its own right. This paper provides a metaphysical foundation for such an emphasis via an elucidation of a thesis that I generically call "realis…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 32, 125-147 (2004). MINDING …
There is a conflict of interest in behaviorism between diction and content, between clean speech and effective speech, between what we say and what we know. This article gives a framework for speech that is both clean and effective, that respects graded…
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 32, 179-195 (2004). FROM DAR…
Modern cognitive psychology presents itself as the revolutionary alternative to behaviorism, yet there are blatant continuities between modern cognitivism and the mechanistic kind of behaviorism that cognitivists have in mind, such as their commitment …
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 32, 243-245 (2004). THE FUTU…
The time has come to relinquish the helm to a new editor, Armando Machado, who brings to this vital endeavor a passionate interest in the subject and unparalleled scholarly breadth. I congratulate both Armando and behaviorism on this wonderful match!
Resource: Behavior and Philosophy, 32, 273-291 (2004). BERTRAND…
Although numerous aspects of Bertrand Russell's philosophical views have been discussed, his views about the nature of the mind and the place of psychology within modern science have received less attention. In particular, there has been little discussi…
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